More than 300,000 people settled in the previously sparsely populated California. And they all came in the period between 1849 and 1855. But sadly, the people living in California quickly fell into violence, racism, and misogyny.
Mexicans, Native Americans, other non-white settlers, and indigenous peoples were persecuted, hunted, and expelled from the territory.
The California Gold Rush may have been one of the great events that shaped the US into what we know today, but it was also one of the saddest events, with 370 massacres committed upon the indigenous tribes of California.
Yet, the California Gold Rush was a period of rapid changes, of industrialization and the modernization of the whole US. The influx of immigrants from all over the world demanded that new industries be quickly set up, as well as railroads, farms, and communication lines. People needed supplies from the East and the rest of the world, as well as to keep in touch with their distant families.
The quick development of California, as well as the many new beginnings and successful businesses people managed to start, gave California its nickname of the Golden State. It was a place where dreams came true, where people had hope and quick prosperity. A new philosophical idea aptly named the “California Dream” started, and many people rushed to gain a fast fortune in a new land.
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